Made famous by Charles Darwin and his groundbreaking Theory of Evolution, the Galápagos Islands are one of Ecuador’s most well-known treasures. Located 600 miles off the coast, each of the 19 islands features a unique landscape ranging from black volcanic rock to pristine, white sand beaches. Favorite wildlife sightings endemic to the islands include the Galápagos tortoise (after which the islands are named), the marine iguana, playful dolphins, and of course, frigate birds, charismatic blue-footed boobies, and many other species. Adventurous travelers will enjoy a myriad of activities including diving, snorkeling, hiking, and kayaking. In addition, communities like Puerto Ayora offer a look at the creativity and small-scale entrepreneurism that blossoms on these remote and world-famous islands.